ChildFund International started in 1938 with a plan to build orphanages for children who were left without homes or families after the second Sino-Japanese War. The organization was originally called China’s Children Fund (CCF) and it was a non-governmental emergency relief organization. Founded in Richmond, Virginia by Dr. J. Calvitt Clarke, the fund started with individual donations. A $2000 donation was requested, followed by a $13,000 contribution to support a school and the KuKong orphanage. In the beginning, these orphanages were funded by individuals in America who would sponsor a specific orphan in China. That same approach continues with ChildFund International today.